Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Since the date of the Annual Report, there have been no material changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies, except as disclosed below.
Basis of Presentation
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared following the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), for interim reporting. As permitted under those rules, certain footnotes and other financial information that are normally required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) can be condensed or omitted. The condensed consolidated balance sheet for the year ended June 30, 2019 was derived from the Company’s audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. The information included in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto of the Company for the year ended June 30, 2019 which were included in the annual report on Form 10-K filed by the Company on September 23, 2019.
In the opinion of management, these condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual consolidated financial statements and notes thereto of the Company and include all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary for the fair presentation of the Company’s financial position and operating results. The results for the three and six months ended December 31, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the year ending June 30, 2020, or any other interim or future periods.
Accounts Receivable, Net
The Company provides an allowance for doubtful accounts equal to the estimated uncollectible amounts. The Company’s estimate is based on historical collection experience and a review of the current status of trade accounts receivable. It is reasonably possible that the Company’s estimate of the allowance for doubtful accounts will change and that losses ultimately incurred could differ materially from the amounts estimated in determining the allowance. The allowance for doubtful accounts was $417,028 as December 31, 2019 and $190,088 as of June 30, 2019.
Concentrations of Credit Risk
The Company grants credit in the normal course of business to its customers. The Company periodically performs credit analysis and monitors the financial condition of its customers to reduce credit risk.
During the three months ended December 31, 2019, two customers accounted for 23% and 14% of total revenues, respectively. At December 31, 2019, the same two customers accounted for 50% and 24% of net accounts receivable, respectively. During the three months ended December 31, 2018, two customers accounted for 38% and 14% of total revenues, respectively. At December 31, 2018, one customer accounted for 61% of net accounts receivable.
During the six months ended December 31, 2019, two customers accounted for 23% and 13% of total revenues, respectively. During the six months ended December 31, 2018, two customers accounted for 36% and 12% of total revenues, respectively.
The Company makes strategic investments comprised of non-marketable equity securities. Non-marketable equity securities are recorded within Other assets in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Determining how an investment will be accounted for depends upon the characteristics of the security it has purchased and the degree of control or influence, both direct and indirect, that the Company will be able to exert over that investment.
The Company derives its revenues from the following two primary sources: (1) subscription revenues, which are comprised of subscription fees from government and commercial customers accessing the Company’s enterprise cloud computing services and from customers paying for additional support beyond the standard support that is included in the basic subscription fees; and (2) consulting services, which include service offerings focused on compliance requirement assessments, readiness and best practices, compliance monitoring systems, application processes, inspection readiness and business plan and compliance reviews to operators interested in integrating our platform into their respective operations.
The Company commences revenue recognition when all of the following conditions are satisfied:
Subscription revenue is recognized ratably, beginning when access to the applicable software is provided to the customer, over the contractual period. The Company typically invoices customers at the beginning of the term, in multi-year, annual, quarterly or monthly installments. In instances where collection of fees occurs in advance of service delivery, revenue recognition is deferred until such services are delivered. Revenue for implementation fees is recognized ratably over the expected term of the agreement, including expected renewals.
The Company includes service level commitments to customers warranting certain levels of uptime reliability and performance and permitting those customers to receive credits in the event that those levels are not met. In addition, customer contracts often include (i) specific obligations that require the Company to maintain the availability of the customer’s data through the service and that customer content is secured against unauthorized access or loss, and (ii) indemnity provisions whereby the Company indemnifies customers from third-party claims asserted against them that result from the Company’s failure to maintain the availability of their content or securing the same from unauthorized access or loss. To date, the Company has not incurred any material costs as a result of such commitments. Any such credits or payments made to customers under these arrangements are recorded as a reduction of revenue.
Consulting Services and Other Revenues
Consulting services revenue consists of contracts with fixed terms and fee structures based upon the volume and activity, or fixed price contracts for consulting and strategic services. When these services are not combined with subscription revenues as a single unit of accounting, as discussed below, these revenues are recognized as services are rendered and accepted by the customer. From time to time, the Company purchases equipment for resale to customers. Such equipment is generally drop-shipped to the Company’s customers. The Company recognizes revenue as the services are performed or products are delivered.
Cost of Revenue
Cost of revenue consists primarily of costs related to providing the subscription and other services to the Company’s customers, including employee compensation and related expenses for datacenter operations, customer support and professional services personnel, payments to outside technology service providers, security services and other tools.
Deferred revenue primarily consists of payments received in advance of revenue recognition from subscription services described above and is recognized as the revenue recognition criteria are met. The deferred revenue balance is influenced by several factors, including seasonality, the compounding effects of renewals, invoice duration, invoice timing, size and new business within the year.
Deferred revenue that will be recognized during the succeeding twelve-month period is recorded as Deferred revenue, which is a current liability in the accompany Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Certain prior year financial statement amounts have been reclassified for consistency with the current year presentation.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), supersedes the revenue recognition requirements and industry-specific guidance under Revenue Recognition (Topic 605). Topic 606 requires an entity to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. ASU No. 2014-09 also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts. As an Emerging Growth Company, ASU No. 2014-09 is effective for the Company’s fiscal 2020 annual reporting period and for interim periods thereafter, with early adoption permitted, and allows for either full retrospective or modified retrospective adoption. The Company is evaluating the impact of adoption of the new standard on its consolidated financial statements.
In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01, Financial Instruments - Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which requires certain equity investments to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income, to record changes in instrument-specific credit risk for financial liabilities measured under the fair value option in other comprehensive income. The new standard is expected to reduce diversity in practice. The new standard is effective for the Company’s fiscal 2020 annual reporting period and for interim periods thereafter. The Company is evaluating the impact of adoption of the new standard on its consolidated financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases. The new standard, as subsequently amended, establishes a right-of-use model that requires a lessee to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the statement of operations. The new standard is effective for the Company beginning July 1, 2021 with early adoption permitted. The Company is evaluating the impact of adoption of the new standard on its consolidated financial statements.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, and also issued subsequent amendments to the initial guidance, ASU 2018-19, ASU 2019-04, ASU 2019-05, and ASU 2019-11 (collectively, Topic 326), to introduce a new impairment model for recognizing credit losses on financial instruments based on an estimate of current expected credit losses (CECL). Under Topic 326, an entity is required to estimate CECL on available-for-sale (AFS) debt securities only when the fair value is below the amortized cost of the asset and is no longer based on an impairment being “other-than-temporary”. Topic 326 also requires the impairment calculation on an individual security level and requires an entity use present value of cash flows when estimating the CECL. The credit-related losses are required to be recognized through earnings and non-credit related losses are reported in other comprehensive income. In April 2019, the FASB further clarified the scope of Topic 326 and addressed issues related to accrued interest receivable balances, recoveries, variable interest rates and prepayment. Topic 326 will be effective for the Company in fiscal years beginning after July 1, 2023, with early adoption permitted. The Company is evaluating the impact of adoption of the new standard on its consolidated financial statements.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation- Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which eliminates the separate accounting model for nonemployee share-based payment awards and generally requires companies to account for share-based payment transactions with nonemployees in the same way as share-based payment transactions with employees. Under the new guidance, nonemployee share-based payment transactions are measured at the grant-date fair value and are no longer remeasured at the then-current fair values at each reporting date until the share options have vested. The amended guidance is effective for the Company’s fiscal 2020 annual reporting period and for interim periods thereafter, with early adoption permitted. The Company is evaluating the impact of adoption of the new standard on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other—Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customers Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract, which broadens the scope of existing guidance applicable to internal-use software development costs. The update requires costs to be capitalized or expensed based on the nature of the costs and the project stage in which they are incurred subject to amortization and impairment guidance consistent with existing internal-use software development cost guidance. The guidance is applicable for the Company beginning July 1, 2023 with early adoption permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The Company is evaluating the impact of adoption of the new standard on its financial statements.
In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-10, “Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842)” (“ASU 2019-10”). ASU 2019-10 (i) provides a framework to stagger effective dates for future major accounting standards and (ii) amends the effective dates for certain major new accounting standards to give implementation relief to certain types of entities. Specifically, ASU 2019-10 changes some effective dates for certain new standards on the following topics in the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (ASC): (a) Derivatives and Hedging (ASC 815) – now effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021; (b) Leases (ASC 842) - now effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021; (c) Financial Instruments — Credit Losses (ASC 326) - now effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years; and (d) Intangibles — Goodwill and Other (ASC 350) - now effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted ASU 2019-10 and its adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements and financial statement disclosures.
In January 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-01, Investments—Equity Securities (Topic 321), Investments—Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323), and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Clarifying the Interactions between Topics 321, 323 and 815. The new standard addresses accounting for the transition into and out of the equity method and measurement of certain purchased options and forward contracts to acquire investments. The standard is effective for the Company for annual and interim periods beginning after July 1, 2022, with early adoption permitted. Adoption of the standard requires changes to be made prospectively. The Company is evaluating the impact of adoption of the new standard on its consolidated financial statements.