|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2023
|Stockholders' Deficit [Abstract]|
Note 9 – Stockholders’ Deficit
Common and Preferred Stock
We have one single class of Common Stock of which 150,000,000 shares are authorized with a par value of $0.0001 per share. The holders of Common Stock are entitled to one vote per share on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders of the Company. Subject to the prior rights of all classes or series of stock at the time outstanding having prior rights as to dividends or other distributions, all stockholders are entitled to share equally in dividends, if any, as may be declared from time to time by the Board of Directors out of funds legally available. Subject to the prior rights of our creditors and the holders of all classes or series of stock at the time outstanding having prior rights as to distributions upon liquidation, dissolution, or winding up of the Corporation, in the event of liquidation, the holders of Common Stock are entitled to share ratably in all assets remaining after payment of all liabilities. The stockholders do not have cumulative, preemptive rights, or subscription rights.
We also have 5,000,000 authorized shares of preferred stock, $0.0001 par value per share, of which one share of special voting preferred stock (the “Special Voting Preferred Stock”) is issued and outstanding (see below).
On June 14, 2023, we entered into a transaction for a private investment in our public equity (the “PIPE Investment”) whereby 1 million shares of Common Stock were issued to the investor at $0.50 per share for total cash proceeds of $0.5 million. The proceeds from the PIPE Investment were used to pay a termination fee and related expenses of $0.2 million to POSaBIT in connection with the termination of the MJF- Ample SPA and the remainder was used for ongoing operating expenses.
Special Voting Preferred Stock and Exchangeable Shares
In connection with a prior transaction in which we acquired Ample in exchange for 3,294,574 shares of exchangeable shares (the “Exchangeable Shares”), we issued of a single share of our special voting preferred stock (the “Special Voting Preferred Stock”), for the purpose of ensuring that each Exchangeable Share is substantially the economic and voting equivalent of a share of Akerna Common Stock and that each Exchangeable Share is exchangeable on a 20-for-one basis for a share of Akerna Common Stock, subject to certain limitations and adjustments. Each holder of Exchangeable Shares effectively has the ability to cast votes along with holders of Akerna Common Stock. The Exchangeable Shares do not have a par value. The Special Voting Preferred stock has a par value of $0.0001 per share and a preference in liquidation of $1.00. The Special Voting Preferred Stock entitles the holder to an aggregate number of votes equal to the number of the Exchangeable Shares issued and outstanding from time to time and which we do not own. The holder of the Special Voting Preferred Stock and the holders of shares of Akerna Common Stock will both vote together as a single class on all matters submitted to a vote of our shareholders. At such time as the Special Voting Preferred Stock has no votes attached to it, the share shall be automatically cancelled.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, certain Ample shareholders exchanged a total of 36,168 Exchangeable Shares with a value of $277,450 for 1,813 shares of Akerna Common Stock. The exchanges were accounted for as equity transactions and we did not recognize a gain or loss on these transactions. As of September 30, 2023, there were a total of 249,504 exchangeable shares remaining as issued and outstanding which could be exchanged for 12,470 shares of Akerna Common Stock.
In 2021, we entered into an Equity Distribution Agreement with Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. (“Oppenheimer”) and A.G.P./Alliance Global Partners (“AGP”) pursuant to which we could offer and sell from time to time, up to $25 million of shares of our Common Stock through an “at the market” equity offering program (the “2021 ATM Program”). From its inception through September 23, 2022, a total of 118,629 shares of Common Stock with an aggregate gross purchase price of $2.7 million, including 90,809 shares with an aggregate gross purchase price of $0.8 million sold during 2022, were sold under the 2021 ATM Program. On September 23, 2022, we, Oppenheimer and AGP mutually agreed to terminate the 2021 ATM Program.
On September 28, 2022, we entered into a new agreement with AGP pursuant to which we may offer and sell up to $20.0 million of shares of our Common Stock (the “2022 ATM Program”) from time to time through AGP as the sales agent for which they will receive a commission of 3.0% of the gross proceeds. The 2022 ATM Program is currently limited to less than $0.4 million due to certain restrictions imposed by the registration statement underlying the offering (the “Baby Shelf Limitation”). Under the Baby Shelf Limitation, we may not offer Common Stock under the registration statement with a value of more than one-third of the aggregate market value of our Common Stock held by non-affiliates in any twelve-month period, so long as the aggregate market value of our Common Stock held by non-affiliates is less than $75.0 million. Net proceeds from the sale of Common Stock under the 2022 ATM Program have been and may continue to be used for general corporate purposes including working capital, marketing, product development and capital expenditures. Through December 31, 2022, we sold a total of 552,148 shares of Common Stock with an aggregate gross purchase price of $1.1 million under the 2022 ATM Program. There were no offerings of Common Stock under the 2022 ATM program during the nine months ended September 30, 2023.
2022 Unit Offering
On July 5, 2022, we completed the 2022 Unit Offering which was comprised of an aggregate of (i) 29,382,861 units consisting of 1,469,143 shares of Common Stock together with Common Stock warrants (the “Common Warrants”) to purchase up to 1,469,143 shares of Common Stock (together, the “Units”) and (ii) 14,095,400 pre-funded units, consisting of 14,095,400 pre-funded warrants (“Pre-funded Warrants”) to purchase 704,770 shares of Common Stock, together with Common Warrants to purchase up to 704,770 shares of Common Stock (together, the “Pre- funded Units”). The Units were sold at a public offering price of $0.23 per unit and the Pre-funded Units were sold at a public offering price of $0.2299 per pre-funded unit. The Pre-Funded Warrants were exercised immediately thereafter at their nominal exercise price of $0.002 per share. The Common Warrants accompanying each of the Units and Pre-funded Units were issued separately and are immediately tradeable separately upon issuance. The Common Warrants had an original exercise price of $4.60 per share subject to certain adjustments, are immediately exercisable and will expireyears from the date of issuance. In connection with a convertible redeemable preferred stock offering in October 2022, the exercise price of the Common Warrants was reduced to $3.518 per share effective October 5, 2022 and reduced to $0.88 per share effective January 27, 2023 as a result of the lowering of the conversion price for the Convertible Notes in connection with the Exchange Agreements. In connection with the PIPE Investment, the exercise price of the Common Warrants was further reduced from $0.88 per shares to $0.37 per share.
In addition, we issued to the Underwriter warrants to purchase additional shares of Common Stock (the “Underwriter Warrants”). The Underwriter Warrants provided for the purchase of up to 108,696 shares of Common Stock. The Underwriter Warrants are exercisable at any time and from time to time, in whole or in part, commencing from six months after June 29, 2022 (the “Effective Date”) and endingyears from the Effective Date, at a price per share equal to $4.60, subject to certain adjustments. In connection with a convertible redeemable preferred stock offering in October 2022, the exercise price of the Underwriter Warrants was reduced to $3.518 per share effective October 5, 2022 and reduced to $0.88 per share effective January 27, 2023 as a result of the lowering of the conversion price for the Convertible Notes in connection with the Exchange Agreements. In connection with the PIPE Investment, the exercise price of the Underwriter Warrants was further reduced from $0.88 per shares to $0.37 per share. The Underwriter Warrants may be transferred by the Underwriter without restriction during the same period.
As of September 30, 2023, a total of 45,652,174 warrants exercisable for 2,282,609 shares of Common Stock remain outstanding from the 2022 Unit Offering including 43,478,261 Common Warrants exercisable for 2,173,913 shares of Common Stock and 2,173,913 Underwriter Warrants exercisable for 108,696 shares of Common Stock. In accordance with our policy, we assessed the warrants issued in connection with the 2022 Unit Offering and determined that there are no instances outside of the Company’s control that could require cash settlement. In addition, we determined that the warrants issued in connection with the 2022 Unit Offering do not meet the definition of a derivative as they are indexed to the Company’s Common Stock and they satisfy all of the additional qualifications to be classified within equity. Through September 30, 2023, the Common Warrants and Underwriter Warrants remain classified within equity.
In connection with MTech’s initial public offering, MTech sold units consisting of one share of MTech’s common stock and one warrant of MTech (“MTech Public Warrant”). Each MTech Public Warrant entitled the holder to purchase one share of MTech’s common stock. Concurrently with MTech’s initial public offering, MTech sold additional units on a private offering basis. Each of these units consisted of one share of MTech’s common stock and one warrant of MTech (“MTech Private Warrant”). Each MTech Private Warrant entitled the holder to purchase one share of MTech’s common stock.
Upon completion of the Mergers between MTech and MJF on June 17, 2019, the MTech Public Warrants and the MTech Private Warrants were converted to the 2019 Public Warrants and Private Warrants, respectively, at an exchange ratio of one-for-one to a warrant to purchase one share of Akerna’s Common Stock with identical terms and conditions. Concurrent with our 20-for-1 reverse stock split during the fourth quarter of 2022, the exchange ratio of the 2019 Public Warrants and the Private Warrants was changed to 20 warrants for one share of Common Stock. The Private Warrants have contingent exercise provisions such that when the Private Warrants are held by someone other than the initial purchasers or their permitted transferees, the Private Warrants will be redeemable by the Company. Accordingly, the requirements for accounting for the Private Warrants as equity are not satisfied and the Private Warrants have been reflected on our consolidated balance sheets as a derivative liability and are not included the summary of outstanding warrants presented below.
The following table summarizes our warrants outstanding as of the dates presented:
The entire disclosure for equity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef