Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2023
Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Note 2 – Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies


Going Concern and Managements Liquidity Plans


In accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB”) standard on going concern, Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-15, Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entitys Ability to Continue as Going Concern (“ASU 2014-15”), we assess going concern uncertainty in our condensed consolidated financial statements to determine if we have sufficient cash, cash equivalents and working capital on hand and any available borrowings on loans, to operate for a period of at least one year from the date the condensed consolidated financial statements are issued. As part of this assessment, based on conditions that are known and reasonably knowable to us, we will consider various scenarios, forecasts, projections, estimates and will make certain key assumptions, including the timing and nature of projected cash expenditures or programs, and our ability to delay or curtail expenditures or programs, if necessary, among other factors. Based on this assessment, as necessary or applicable, we make certain assumptions regarding implementing curtailments or delays in the nature and timing of programs and expenditures to the extent we deem probable that such implementations can be achieved and we have the proper authority to execute them within one year from the date the condensed consolidated financial statements are issued.


The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the basis that we will continue as a going concern, which contemplates realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. However, since our inception in 2019 we have incurred recurring losses from operations, used cash from operating activities, and relied on capital raising transactions to continue ongoing operations. As of September 30, 2023, we had a working capital deficit of $11.2 million with $0.2 million in cash available to fund future operations. We anticipate continuing to generate losses from operations and using cash from operating activities for the foreseeable future, although at lower than historical levels as a result of Restructuring during the second quarter of 2022 and the curtailment of activities associated with our discontinued operations as well as those business that we have terminated. Furthermore, on March 22 and March 23, 2023, respectively, we received notices (the “Notices”) from The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (the “Nasdaq”) indicating that (i) the bid price of the Company’s Common Stock is not currently in compliance with the requirement to maintain a minimum bid price of $1.00 per share (the “Bid Price Notice”) and (ii) the Company’s stockholders’ equity is below the minimum listing standard requirement of $2.5 million for continued listing on the Nasdaq (the “Stockholders Equity Notice”). The Notices have no immediate effect on the continued listing status of our Common Stock on the Nasdaq, and, therefore, our listing remains fully effective. We are provided a compliance period of 180 calendar days from the date of the Bid Price Notice, or until September 18, 2023, to regain compliance with the minimum closing bid requirement. Regarding the Stockholders Equity Notice, we submitted the required compliance plan to the listings staff of the Nasdaq on May 8, 2023 which was conditioned upon the successful completion of the Merger. On June 15, 2023, we received a letter from Nasdaq granting an extension through September 19, 2023 to complete the Merger. On September 19, 2023, the Company received a determination letter (the “Determination Letter”) from the Staff stating that it had not regained compliance with the minimum bid price requirement or the minimum listing standard requirement of $2.5 million and is not eligible for an additional 180-day period to regain compliance. Further, the Determination Letter indicates that unless the Company requests an appeal of this determination the trading of the Company’s common stock will be suspended at the opening of business on September 28, 2023, and a Form 25-NSE will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), which will remove the Company’s securities from listing and registration on The Nasdaq Capital Market. The Company had a deadline to appeal the Staff’s determination, pursuant to the procedures set forth in the Nasdaq Listing Rule 5800 Series, no later than 4:00 pm Eastern Time on September 26, 2023. The Company successfully submitted a hearing request on September 25, 2023 and received a hearing date of November 9, 2023. This Hearing will stay any delisting or suspension action by the Staff pending the issuance of the Panel’s decision. The Company’s common stock will remain listed on Nasdaq, pending the outcome of the Hearing. There can be no assurance that the Panel will grant the Company’s request for continued listing, however on November 2, 2023 the Company received a document from the Nasdaq Staff indicating, based on their review it appears the that the post-transaction (referring to the Akerna Merger) entity will demonstrate compliance with the initial listing requirements, only in the event that the transaction successfully closes.


As described in Note 1, we have committed to the Sale Transaction to complete our intended exit from the SaaS industry and to the Merger as the most favorable strategic alternative for our stockholders. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in executing and completing the Sale Transaction and the Merger and obtaining sufficient funding, if necessary, on terms acceptable to us to fund continuing operations through the anticipated closing of the aforementioned transactions, if at all. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our ability to successfully execute the aforementioned transactions. Despite the comprehensive scope of our collective plans, the inherent risks associated with their successful execution are not sufficient to overcome substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern for one year from the date of issuance of our consolidated financial statements. Accordingly, if we are unable to execute our plans within the timeframe described above, we may have to reduce or otherwise curtail our continuing operations which could significantly and adversely affect our results of operations or we may determine to dissolve and liquidate our assets. If we fail to meet the financial covenants of the Senior Convertible Notes and cannot obtain a waiver from such provisions or otherwise come to an agreement with the Holders of the Senior Convertible Notes, such Holders may declare a default on the debt which could subject our assets to seizure and sale, negatively impacting our business.


The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments related to the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should we be unable to continue as a going concern.


Basis of Presentation


The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP and with the instructions to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X for interim financial information. Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all of the information normally required by GAAP or Securities and Exchange Commission rules and regulations for complete financial statements. In management’s opinion, these condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring items, considered necessary for the fair presentation of the results of operations for the interim periods presented. The operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2023.


The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2022, has been derived from our audited financial statements at that date but does not include all disclosures and financial information required by GAAP for complete financial statements. The information included in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the period ended December 31, 2022, which were included in our report on Form 10-K filed on March 20, 2023.


Principles of Consolidation


Our accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Akerna and our wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.


Use of Estimates


The preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts included in the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto. Our most significant estimates and assumptions are related to the valuation of acquisition-related assets and liabilities, capitalization of internal costs associated with software development, fair value measurements, credit loss reserves, impairment assessments, loss contingencies, valuation allowance associated with deferred tax assets, stock based compensation expense, and useful lives of long-lived intangible assets. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Accordingly, actual results could differ from those estimates.


Accounts Receivable, Net


We maintain an allowance for credit losses equal to the estimated uncollectible amounts based on historical information, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. Receivables are written-off and charged against the recorded allowance when we have exhausted collection efforts without success. The allowance for credit losses was less than $0.1 million and $0.4 million as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.


Concentrations of Credit Risk


We grant credit in the normal course of business to customers in the United States and Canada. We periodically perform credit analysis and monitor the financial condition of our customers to reduce credit risk.


During the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, two government clients accounted for 27 percent and 26 percent of total revenues, respectively. As of September 30, 2023, and December 31, 2022 two government clients accounted for none and 33 percent, respectively of net accounts receivable.




We evaluate warrants that we may issue from time to time under a two-step process provided in GAAP. The first step is intended to distinguish liabilities from equity. Warrants that could require cash settlement are generally classified as liabilities. For warrants that are considered outside of the scope of liability classification, a second step evaluates warrants as either a derivative subject to derivative accounting and disclosures or as equity instruments based upon the specific terms of the underlying warrant agreement and certain other factors associated with the our capital structure. Warrants that are indexed to the Company’s Common Stock while we meet certain other conditions with respect to our capital structure, including the ability to satisfy the warrant settlement obligations with a sufficient number of registered shares, do not qualify as derivatives and are classified as components of equity. Certain of the warrants sold by MTech in its initial public offering that were converted to Akerna warrants in connection with the Mergers (the “Private Warrants”) are not indexed to our common stock in the manner contemplated as described herein. As a result, the Private Warrants are precluded from equity classification and are recorded as derivative liabilities. At the end of each reporting period, changes in fair value during the period are recognized within the condensed consolidated statements of operations. We will continue to adjust this derivative liability for changes in the fair value until the earlier of (a) the exercise or expiration of the Private Warrants or (b) the redemption of the Private Warrants, at which time they will be reclassified to Additional paid-in capital. As of September 30, 2023, all of our other outstanding warrants, including certain other MTech warrants that were converted to Akerna warrants upon our formation (the “2019 Public Warrants”), are classified within stockholders’ equity.


Segment Reporting


We operate our business as one operating segment. Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker (“CODM”), our Chief Executive Officer, in deciding how to allocate resources and assess performance. Our CODM allocates resources and assesses performance based upon discrete financial information at the consolidated level.


In the following table, we disclose the combined gross balance of our fixed assets, capitalized software, and intangible assets by geographical location:


    As of
September 30,

As of
December 31,

Long-lived assets:            
United States   $ 27,425     $ 48,879  
Canada     2,909,966       4,527,581  
Total   $ 2,937,391     $ 4,576,460  


Adoption of Recent Accounting Pronouncements


The FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”) which introduced a new model for recognizing credit losses on financial instruments based on estimated current expected credit losses, or CECL. ASU 2016-13 requires an entity to estimate CECL on trade receivables at inception, based on historical information, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. We adopted ASU 2016-13, and subsequent amendments on January 1, 2023. The impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-13 on our condensed consolidated financial statements was not material.


Subsequent Events


Management has evaluated all of our activities through the issuance date of our condensed consolidated financial statements and has concluded that, with the exception of incremental issuances of Common Stock as described below, no other subsequent events have occurred that would require recognition in our condensed consolidated financial statements or disclosure in the notes thereto. From October 1, 2023 through November 14, 2023, a total of $0.125 million of principal under the Senior Convertible Notes was converted into 250,000 shares of our Common Stock at a conversion price of $0.50 per share.